Diabetes in Men vs Women


Diabetes is a disease that affects both genders. However, there are observable differences in the way that men and women respond to this condition. It is important for people to learn about this. They can use the knowledge to better protect themselves and their loved ones.

Various studies have been conducted to figure out the extent of this disparity. According to research, gender has a significant influence on risk. It also has a profound impact on the development of heart disease, kidney ailments, psychological issues, and many more. The following is a brief men vs women diabetes breakdown:

Risk by Gender

Scottish researchers at the University of Glasgow have found that men tend to develop type-2 diabetes at a much lower BMI than women of the same age group. In other words, they only need a small weight gain to get the disease.

The findings were gathered from the records of almost a hundred thousand patients so the sample size is quite large and reliable. There are a number of theories regarding this imbalance. Some point to the fat storage mechanisms with men having theirs close to the organs while women storing more under the skin. Lower sensitivity to insulin among men was also offered as an explanation.

None of these are conclusive and will remain speculations until a more thorough study is conducted specifically aimed at getting answers.

Heart Disease

While women have less risk, those who have already developed type 2 diabetes tend to have greater difficulty because of it. In 2007, a study tracked the death rates by gender among diabetic patients between 1971 and 2000.

Researchers found that mortality decreased for men yet it stayed the same for women throughout the 30-year period. The difference in life span between men who have diabetes and those who don’t is 7.5 years. The figure for women is greater at 8.2 years.

So it seems that the well-known advantage of women when it comes to longevity gets swept aside when they have diabetes. The female advantage generally lies in their lower risk of heart disease. Diabetics can no longer enjoy this benefit as women become 6x more likely to suffer from a heart condition.

Men’s risk only goes up to 3x higher. These are the finding of the partnership for Gender-Specific Medicine at the well-regarded Columbia University. In addition, women more readily lose their blood glucose control. They have a higher incidence of obesity, unhealthy cholesterol levels, and are more prone to high blood pressure.

As it turns out, heart failure is more fatal in women than it is in men. Experts say that elderly females should be very mindful of their condition if they are diabetic. Chest pain is the most widely known symptom in men so that is what people tend to watch out for.

Yet women seldom experience chest pain during an attack. Nausea, light-headedness, and sleep problems are the more common symptoms. The warnings signs may be present and they wouldn’t even know it. That’s why a lot of female diabetics are not able to get appropriate treatment right away.

Kidney Ailments

The kidney is another organ that is greatly taxed in diabetics. Again, men have a greater chance of having kidney disease in the general population. However, diabetes complicates things for women.

Those who are healthy need not worry about their kidneys until they go through menopause and lose the protective effects of estrogen. With diabetes, age is no longer relevant as women have equal chances of developing problems as men.

This means that patients need to be more careful about the food they consume. Alcohol intake, for instance, should be moderated to prevent painful and costly complications.


A study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine indicated a link between depression and diabetes. The two seem to reinforce each other. Those who have diabetes exhibit a higher risk of getting depressed while those who are suffering from depression are more likely to develop the disease.

Previous research on mental health has already established that the incidence of depression is greater in women by a factor of two. If possible, proactive steps should be taken to avoid this causality. Failure to do so can have tragic consequences. Women that have both of these conditions have doubled the risk of early death compared to health individuals.

Other Gender-based Differences

The experience of diabetic men and women also differ in other ways. Men could develop erectile dysfunction because of this condition which could become a problem in their personal lives. On the other hand, women may lose their libido directly because of it which also presents problems if they are in a relationship.

Pregnancy is also harder and there is strong evidence for genetic predisposition. Women are also more liable to vaginal infections and urinary problems. These can be extremely irritating and even painful. Men and women should always be in close contact with their doctors and report any issue that they might be experiencing for immediate intervention.

I Think I Have Diabetes…

dissapointed elderly

Diabetes is becoming more and more common.  Many people have diabetes but do not know it.  This increases the risk of complications.

When you are aware of Type 2 diabetes symptoms, you will be ready to consult with your doctor if they occur.

Stay Alert To Symptoms Of Diabetes

While not everyone shows symptoms of diabetes, you may begin to experience symptoms that you did not have before.

Unexplained fatigue

Without changes in your activity levels, you may feel very tired.  This symptom may occur after you eat a meal.

Unusual hunger or thirst

Even if your eating and drinking habits have not changed, you notice you are often hungry or thirsty.  This symptom may occur after you eat or drink.

Frequent urination

If you have developed diabetes, you may need to urinate more often.  This occurs because your kidneys are flushing the excess glucose out of your blood and into your urine.

Changes in vision

You may not have any diagnosed vision issues, but your vision has become blurry.

Skin problems

Symptoms of diabetes can include psoriasis, itchy skin, or other abnormalities.


You may be bothered by headaches if you have developed diabetes.

Other skin changes

Bruises may appear for no apparent reason.  Cuts and sores may take longer to heal than they did in the past.

Yeast infections

Due to the high blood sugar levels present in diabetes, you may experience yeast infections in your mouth or your genitals.

Dry mouth

Dry mouth is a common symptom in individuals with diabetes.

Weight loss

Insufficient insulin can cause weight loss.  Your body weight may decrease because you are burning muscle and fat.

What You Need To Know About Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Change is the key to recognizing symptoms of a serious health issue.  This means the change is unexpected, and uncommon for you.  The change is not related to any health condition you are aware of having, and cannot be attributed to any lifestyle factors.

As these symptoms can be signs of other health issues, you should make an appointment with your doctor immediately.  Only a physician can rule out other health problems, and perform a test to determine if you have this condition.

There are a number of tests for Type 2 diabetes.  The tests are simple and painless.  The fasting blood glucose test is generally preferred, as it provides accurate, complete results.  However, your doctor will decide which test is best for you.

If you have developed Type 2 diabetes, do not hesitate to contact your doctor for an examination and tests.  The treatment your doctor orders can help you stay in good health.  In some instances, diabetes can be reversed with a number of changes in your lifestyle habits.

If you avoid your doctor, you can be at risk of a wide range of health problems.  Take the sensible approach and visit your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms of Type 2 diabetes.

What Causes Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus type 2 affects many people across the globe. The condition is characterized by lack of insulin, high levels of blood sugar and insulin resistance.

Sufferers experience wide-ranging symptoms, including unexplained weight loss, an increase in thirst and frequent urination.

Type 2 diabetes may lead to long-term complications like stroke, heart disease, kidney failure and diabetic retinopathy.

Research has shown that some people face elevated risk than others due to a variety of genetic factors. Obesity and lack of exercise contribute significantly to instances of diabetes.

The majority of sufferers have Type 2 diabetes while roughly 10 percent are diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 1 and gestational diabetes.

Individuals with the Type 1 variant face a complete lack of insulin. This is caused by the rapid breakdown of islet cells in the pancreas.

Major causes

A combination of genetic and lifestyle factors lead to the development of the condition. Lifestyle factors can be controlled through changes to diet.

However, genetic factors like gender, aging and genetics are out of sufferers’ personal control. On the other hand, the nutritional status of pregnant women has a relative bearing on fetal development.

Poor diet may lead to an altered DNA  methylation. Some intestinal bacteria have a proven link to diabetes mellitus type 2, including  Prevotella copri and Bacteroides vulgatus.

Urbanization, stress, lack of exercise and poor diet contribute significantly to the development of Type 2. Smoking is another lifestyle factor associated with the disease.

When it comes to diet, excessive consumption of sugary foods places individuals at greater risk. Also, some fats like trans fatty acids and saturated fats lead to elevated levels of risk.

Conversely,  polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat significantly lower the risk. Individuals consuming white rice on a regular basis may also elevate the chances of developing the dreaded condition. Persistent exposure to organic pollutants is believed to play a role in the development of the condition.

Research has also shown that the probability of developing the disease increase exponentially when one identical twin has diabetes. The same cannot be said about nonidentical twins. In this case, the levels of risk drops from 90 percent to between 25 and 50 percent.

Scientists link more than 36 genes to the elevated risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The majority of these genes are involved in beta cell functions. Risk increases by 1.5 times for people with the TCF7L2 allele. In some cases, the disease develops due to the use of certain medications, which include:

– Beta blockers
– Glucocorticoids
– Statins
– Atypical antipsychotics
– Thiazides


The World Health Organization places a threshold of testing based on the correlation between results of fasting glucose or HbA1c,  complications like retinal conditions and glucose tolerance tests.

Medical practitioners generally prefer fasting or random blood sugar test when compared to the glucose tolerance test. The former is considered more convenient to patients.

HbA1c is more costly but does not require fasting and delivers stable results. Whenever the diagnosis is not conclusive, medical practitioners conduct antibody testing.

This approach has the capacity to confirm type 1 diabetes. Meanwhile, C-peptide levels can be used to confirm status in relation to type 2 diabetes.

What You Should Be Eating If You Have Diabetes

When you have diabetes, type 1 or type 2 diabetes or any other variant, your eating options shrink down. The things you savored eating before you were diagnosed with diabetes may not be on your radar anymore.

Diabetes is not an outright threatening medical condition, provided you keep your food intake in check and also resort to good amount of physical activity time and again. In this article, we’ll discuss almost everything you’d want to know about what food you can eat and not eat as a diabetic patient, and why the discrepancies.

Why Should Diabetic People Check their Food Intake?

A major aspect of battling diabetes is keeping the blood sugar in control. Whether you are trying to control or prevent diabetes, getting rid of some weight is the best thing you could do to yourself.

Losing a few percentage of your total body weight can help decrease your blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels. Eating healthy, in conjunction with losing some pounds, can profoundly impact your mind, energy, and overall well-being.

The Role of Food

Exercising is important; however, what you eat impacts your diabetes levels much more. Contrary to common belief, a diabetic diet need not be completely methodical or mostly bland. Your diabetes doesn’t alter your body’s nutrient requirements; therefore, special foods aren’t needed. Primarily, pay good attention to your food choices, keeping carbohydrates at the minimum. Also, your sugar intake must come down substantially.

However, you need not abandon sugar or carbohydrates completely. Plan and limit your sugar or carbs intake, and you’ll be fine. Keep a strict check on your sweets consumption.

Calories derived from fructose, which is found in beverages such as sports and energy drinks, soda, coffee, and processed food items such as muffins, doughnuts, granola and candy bars, and cereal are likely to make your abdomen region heavy, which is certainly not good for diabetic and also non-diabetic people. Reducing your sugary food intake could result in a slimmer waistline and an overall lower diabetes risk profile.

What Food to Eat?

Go with high-fiber food items. As aforementioned, you must act wise with your carbohydrate intake. Refined carbohydrates such as pasta, white bread, rice, and also snack foods and packaged meals should be limited.

High-fiber carbohydrates, also called slow-release carbohydrates, tend to digest slowly, which means lesser insulin production. Some of the high-fiber carbohydrate food options are wild or brown rice, yams, sweet potatoes, leafy greens, peas, etc.

Also, eat food that has a low GI (glycemic index). Your choices are beans, citrus fruit, leafy vegetables, berries, sweet potatoes, whole grains, tomatoes, and nuts.

You can fulfill your protein requirements with fat-free yogurt and milk, seafood and fish, and poultry (sans the skin to eliminate cholesterol and saturated fat). These food varieties offer the essential nutrients that are missing in most people’s diet plans. Meats offer nutritional benefits without increasing blood glucose levels. Beans, nuts, and lentils are vegetarian sources of protein.


As aforementioned, diabetes is not a debilitating medical condition like cancer or AIDS, and there’s a lot more control you could have on it than you actually think.

Can Diabetes Be Cured?

carry diabetesIt can be difficult to live with diabetes.  Complications can occur, and diabetes can even shorten your lifespan.  You want to know what to do to regain your health.

Can Diabetes Be Cured?

There has been much progress in diabetes research, but a permanent cure has not yet been found.  This does not necessarily mean you must live with the condition for the rest of your life.  While there are steps you can take to control diabetes, in some cases these steps can reverse the condition.

Reversing Diabetes With Weight Loss

Obesity is a common cause of diabetes.  If you lose the excess weight, and maintain your ideal weight, you will increase your chance of reversing your condition.

However, all weight is not created equal.  The distribution of body fat plays an important role in diabetes.  Excess body fat that is located in your abdominal area has increased your risk of diabetes.  Your overall weight loss program should include noting your waist circumference.

Weight loss will improve your blood sugar levels, but reducing abdominal fat will affect your body’s ability to produce insulin.  Keep both factors in mind when you are planning a weight loss program.

Healthy Lifestyle Choices

Lifestyle changes can help some diabetics reverse their conditions.

Exercise every day

Make daily exercise a priority.  If you do not have any health limitations, aim for 30 minutes of daily exercise.

Avoid Vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency can contribute to, or worsen, diabetes.  There are a number of ways you can increase your Vitamin D levels.  You can choose milk and other products fortified with Vitamin D, take dietary supplements, and increase your exposure to sunshine.

Make changes in your diet

You can increase your chance of reversing diabetes by eliminating certain products from your diet.  Do not consume products containing refined sugars.  Do not eat any processed foods.  Do not drink alcohol.

Plan your diet around healthy, natural foods.  One example is the category known as Super foods.  Eat vegetables that are high in fiber.  Choose seeds, nuts, and fresh berries for snacks.  Cinnamon and fish oil have been shown to balance blood sugar levels.  Choose almond, rice, or soy milk instead of cow’s milk.

Have a full night’s sleep every night 

Sleep deprivation can affect you in many ways.  When you improve your sleep habits, it affects your body’s ability to control blood sugar.  You should have eight hours of restful sleep each night.

Tips To Reverse Diabetes

There is no magic pill or simple change that will lead to overnight results.  If you follow these steps, you have a better chance of reversing diabetes.

However, it is always wise to consult with your physician before making any changes that can affect your health.  Do not stop taking medication without your doctor’s approval.

Ask your doctor if you can benefit from these changes.  Depending on your particular situation, it may be possible to reverse diabetes.  It is an easy approach to a lifetime of better health.

Diabetes Destroyer Review

happy old people

Diabetes is definitely something that should be taken seriously, but it is not the end of the world. This Diabetes Destroyer review will reveal how it’s possible to reverse it.

According to the American Diabetes Association, more than one million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes each and every year.

With 115 million Americans currently diagnosed with diabetes and the number rising each year, there has never been more of a demand for treatment of this horrible disease.

However, with the combined efforts of a former diabetic patient and diabetes researcher, a diabetes destroyer program is able to cure this illness that affects so many people worldwide.

A synopsis and diabetes destroyer review finds that the program can actually reverse the disease.

Backed by research from Dr. Roy Taylor of Newcastle University, chef and former Diabetes Type 2 sufferer David Andrews has developed the diabetes destroyer program.

Unlike medications or insulin injections, this program is not a treatment for the symptoms of diabetes, but a cure, or rather, a way to reverse diabetes, thus eliminating the serious health problems that can develop from diabetes.

Harvard Medical School Cancer Center has found that up to 80% of all cancer is at least partially caused by uncontrolled blood glucose and insulin levels. Research also shows that diabetes increases the risk of dementia, by almost double.

David Andrews’ Story

david andrews diabetes destroyer

During a stressful shift at work, 51 year old David Andrews, a chef and father, passed out and woke up in the hospital.

He learned that he had went into a diabetic coma, more specifically, a nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma and his blood glucose level was at 1,174 – normal levels should be under 200.

When his doctor informed him that both his legs must be amputated, that day, due to advance complications of uncontrolled blood sugar, an effect of his Type 2 Diabetes, Andrews refused to become one of the 70,000 diabetics, annually, to have a limb amputated.

He also refused to participate in, what he refers to as “band-aid fixes” in the form of medication and insulin shots that merely treat the symptoms and not the disease.

Given a meek outlook, only 10 years to live if he went through with the amputation, Andrews set on a mission to create a program to help other people in his situation and put an end to the suffering caused by this horrible disease that destroys so many lives every day.

He began what would become his diabetes destroyer program. After pleading with the doctor for more time to decide on amputation, he was given no less than 90 days. When he read a friend’s Facebook post about a doctor and professor by the name of Dr. Roy Taylor at the highly respected Newcastle University in England, his perspective changed.

Dr. Roy Taylor’s Research

Through studying diabetic patients who undergo gastric bypass surgery, Dr. Taylor was able to discover the true cause of diabetes.

The mystery was that after completing gastric bypass surgery, the patient’s blood sugar and insulin levels normalize, seemingly overnight, even though the surgery has no correlation with treating diabetes or blood sugar.

In 2012, Dr. Taylor discovered that fatty deposits around the pancreas of a diabetic is the primary cause of the disease, and not an effect, as previously thought by researchers.

The fat deposits affect the pancreas’s ability to produce and regulate insulin, thus causing high blood glucose levels and the onset of Type 2 Diabetes.

Now the second part of the mystery, how did the fat deposits disappear after gastric bypass surgery?

Before the operation, each patient must follow a temporary meal plan with precise amounts of sugars, fats, carbs, vitamins, and minerals to dissolve the fat deposits, thus giving a sort of “jumpstart” to the pancreas and allowing it to resume regulating blood glucose and insulin production correctly.

Dr. Taylor concluded that if diabetic patients could follow this particular diet, even temporarily, they could effectively reverse the diabetes and eliminate the need for treatment and diminish risk of diabetes related health problems, including dementia, Alzheimer’s, heart failure, and even cancer.

After his amazing discovery, Dr. Taylor created a meal plan for diabetics to use temporarily to reverse the Type 2 Diabetes disease.

This plan, based on those used by patients before undergoing gastric bypass surgery, was published in “Diabetologia” medical journal in 2013 and was a great success for any and all patients, no matter age, gender, or length of time they suffered from diabetes.

These results were so amazing they inspired the creation of David Andrew’s diabetes destroyer program.

During the research study, Dr. Taylor was able to prove that each and every participant experienced the disappearance of the fatty deposits around the pancreas, normalization of the blood sugar, and in turn, their Type 2 Diabetes diagnosis reversed.

Not only did this mean decrease in risk of serious health conditions, but also a healthy, hopeful future for patients and their families. Patients were also relieved of the need for medications and treatments related to diabetes, a cost that is estimated at over $245 billion in the United States.

Creating the Diabetes Destroyer Program

diabetes destroyer with apple

After reading of this incredible research, Andrews had to try Dr. Taylor’s meal plan for himself. A mere three weeks later, his blood glucose levels were normal and his need for insulin shots and diabetic medications were gone.

Using his culinary skills, Andrews rejuvenated the meal plan, keeping the vital components and adding his own twist to make the meals effective and delicious.

However, one aspect of Dr. Taylor’s research study tormented him. Even though the doctor’s meal plan was successful in dissolving the fat deposits around the pancreas of the study’s participants, half of them saw that the deposits returned and the diabetes did as well.

This was not good enough for Andrews and he demanded a permanent solution to be sure the fat would not return. He began to research the difference between the participants to find out what caused half to remain free of diabetes and the other half to experience a return of the disease.

He discovered that by boosting your metabolism, the diabetes cannot return. He began to develop methods to boost metabolism, tailored to former diabetic patients. During the development, he decided the tricks should be able to be done from home, take less than five minutes, and not require strenuous activity.

Andrews developed a total of seven metabolism-boosting methods to fit all three requirements he set forth, which he used himself to lose weight and eliminate medications.

He also found that certain foods can raise blood sugar levels, while some spices can lower the levels. Even though he was experiencing great success while developing his diabetes destroyer method, he did encounter some setbacks.

While he did not use insulin injections, he found his levels ranging to levels that almost required insulin treatment. An unexpected sleep-in one day caused him to eat his meals at different times than normal, and he noticed a change in his levels. He concluded that his meal schedules were just as important as the foods he ate.

Six weeks after facing the decision to have his legs amputated to save his life, Andrews was now free from the disease that threatened this possibility.

Overjoyed, he and his wife decided they needed to share his success and help other diabetics get rid of this disease. They quickly assembled a group of friends and family who suffered from Type 2 Diabetes and encouraged them to test his diabetes destroyer program. Unbelievably, they all reversed their diabetes.

After this amazing success, they decided to create a guide to jumpstart the pancreas and reverse diabetes diagnoses for people around the world.

Named the Type 2 Diabetes Destroyer, Andrews’ plan consists of three basic elements:

A temporary meal plan to reverse diabetes in under eight weeks, seven metabolism-boosting methods to keep the disease from returning, and meal-scheduling strategies to maintain blood sugar levels throughout the day.

As the Andrews developed the diabetes destroyer and shared it, they saw a wave of success and a rise in hope for patients who suffer from Type 2 Diabetes. They decided to share the program over the Internet, making it available to diabetics worldwide.


The Type 2 Diabetes Destroyer System

Divided into four separate modules, the easy-to-follow guide includes an introduction to the truth behind diabetes, which remains the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.

The next three modules will teach you how to jumpstart your pancreas, eliminate the need for medications to treat the disease, and eliminate the specter of diabetes altogether.

Module 1: What Your Doctor Doesn’t Know About Your Type 2 Diabetes and Prediabetes

This module discusses scientific research about the cause and cure for Type 2 Diabetes. Also included is information about “Glucose Glitches,” which send blood sugar levels on a roller-coaster track, and tips on how to tame them.

A video course entitled “Insulin Sensitivity: the Shortcut to Weight Loss” will teach you how to eliminate insulin resistance and dissolve fat deposits on the pancreas. This section also includes research reports about reversing diabetes versus managing the symptoms.

Module 2: The “Pancreas Jumpstart” Temporary Meal Plan

Included in this section, you will find a temporary meal plan consisting of the exact elements to jumpstart the pancreas to begin your journey away from diabetes.

The step-by-step instructions teach you how to use the meal plan and train your body how to regulate its own blood sugar. There is also a recipe guide which features diabetic friendly desserts.

Module 3: The Natural Trick to Amp Up Your Metabolism

Because increasing metabolism is the key to keeping diabetes from returning once it is gone, this section includes workouts and snack tips to keep metabolism up all day.

These tricks not only boost metabolism, but also help you to lose weight, increase energy, and lower risk of heart disease.

Module 4: Time Your Meals to Finish Off Your Diabetes

The final section includes a schedule of when to eat which foods to ensure your blood sugar levels stay consistent all day, every day.

Learn exactly how much time to allow between meals, get ideas for between meal snacks, and find out how close to bedtime is safe to eat.

Also included is a video “Meal-Timing for Weight Loss” to help lose weight as you free yourself of diabetes.

**All of these modules are included in the diabetes destroyer program and will help you to create a healthy lifestyle that’s free of the health conditions of diabetes, side effects of medications, and the rising costs of medical expenses that come along with such a disease. While the reversal of the diabetes diagnosis has happened in as few as 11 days in Dr. Taylor’s research study, the process is normally completed in just under eight weeks.**

Live Free From Type 2 Diabetes

happy older peopleThe research studies of Dr. Roy Taylor and David Andrews have come together to create a life-changing guide to free those suffering from Type 2 Diabetes from stress, hopelessness, and a disease that requires constant monitoring.

More than 200,000 deaths each year list diabetes as a contributing cause of death. While as many as 1 in 4 people do not realize they have diabetes until irreversible damage has been done, the severity of the disease can range from no symptoms as all to crippling pain, amputation of limbs, and even death.

This easy to follow system is safe and all-natural and requires just one low payment instead of years of maintenance medications that treat only symptoms, medical visit costs, and the constant worry that follows a diabetes diagnosis.

Even though this program reduces the need for medication, it is important to consult your doctor about when to decrease or stop your medications.

Once you complete the program, you will see your symptoms lessen and disappear as your pancreas and body heal and learn to work correctly to provide you with a healthy, happy life.

This guide is easily accessible as an instant-access download. That allows you to download and start the process immediately.

And because it is all included as a simple PDF file, it’s easy to take with you anywhere to read and enjoy at your convenience. You can also easily print the guide to make it easy to highlight and note favorite parts.

What’s the Difference Between Type 1 & 2 Diabetes

type1 vs type2

According to the American Diabetes Association, 29.1 million Americans have diabetes. Out of these, 8.1 million have undiagnosed diabetes while 1.25 million have type 1 diabetes.

Worryingly, 1.4 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes annually. The problem with diabetes is it can cause hypertension, hypoglycemia, kidney failure, diabetic retinopathy, blindness and even death.

Below is a detailed look at the differences between type 1 and 2 diabetes.


Type 1 diabetes mostly affects children and young adults. As such, some physicians refer to it as juvenile diabetes. In comparison, type 2 diabetes is more common in adults and the elderly.

Furthermore, the US Department of Health & Human Services says that 90% of people with type 1 diabetes develop diabetic retinopathy within 25 years of diagnosis while their offspring are three times more likely to have major birth defects compared to the general population.


Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes affecting 90 to 95 out of every 100 people diagnosed with diabetes. On the other hand, type 1 diabetes is rare occurring in 5 to 10 out of every 100 people with diabetes.

Moreover, a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) found that the prevalence of type 1 diabetes among people 20 years and younger increased by 21% between 2001 and 2009.

Figures published by the American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) show that the prevalence of type 2 diabetes nearly tripled between 1960 and 2010.

Insulin production and usage

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas fails to secrete insulin. Consequently, the body is unable to transport and utilize glucose efficiently.

On the other hand, type 2 diabetes occurs when fails to utilize insulin properly leading to insulin resistance. This causes the body to produce increasingly more insulin that goes unutilized. Fortunately, insulin therapy and even weight loss can enable people with diabetes to lead long and healthy lives.

Blood sugar levels

People with type 1 diabetes are prone to low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) because their bodies do not produce any insulin at all. On the other hand, people with type 2 diabetes rarely experience hypoglycemia.

Nevertheless, certain medications including beta-blockers, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOs), insulin, quinine, haloperidol, pentamidine, SLT2 inhibitors, Bactrim, sulfonylureas and thiazolidinediones may cause hypoglycemia in diabetics. This is according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH).


Type 2 diabetes can be delayed/prevented through a combination of regular exercise, healthy diet, and maintaining a healthy weight.

Actually, obese people can improve their health outcomes by losing as little as 5% of their total bodyweight, the ASBMS reports. Unfortunately, the aforementioned solutions would not work for type 1 diabetes.

In fact, there is no known way of preventing type 1 diabetes.


Type 1 and 2 diabetes are diabetes variants that affect approximately 30 million Americans. Of the two, type 2 diabetes is the most common affecting 95% of those diagnosed with diabetes.

In addition, type 2 diabetes tends to affect adults while type 1 diabetes is more common in children.